Here are the different types, features, sizes of nail set tools and when to use them.
There’s a reason most tool belts have narrow sleeves specifically designed to holster nail sets.
What is a Nail Set?
Nail sets are short, tapered bars of steel that serve as a companions to a hammer. They are used for the final few blows onto the exposed heads of finish nails, sinking them beneath the surface without collateral damage to the surrounding wood. Sometimes nail sets are also referred to as nail punch tool.
What Are Nail Punch Tools Used For?
Nail sets are essential for such jobs as installing decorative molding or face-fastening wood flooring; once a nail is “set,” it only needs a dab of putty to make it disappear.
Though simple in appearance, a well-made nail set is sophisticated. Its shaft and tip must be hard enough to survive repeated collisions with nails, while its head has to be considerably softer so it won’t chip or shatter when struck.
Engineers have even established performance standards for nail set manufacturers, to ensure that these tools do their job safely and effectively. That leaves one last problem to solve: how to avoid clobbering your hand when you miss the nail set. Don’t worry, tool designers are working on that, too.
3 Types of Nail Set Tools
1. Carpenter’s Classic
When most people think of a nail set, they think of this version from Stanley, with a square head, knurled body, and cupped and chamfered tip. Color-coded grips indicates the sizes of the tips: yellow = 1/32 inch, gray = 2/32, red = 3/32. $7 for set of three, stanleytools.com
2. Flooring Nail set
This 6½-inch-long tool has a 5mm (roughly 6/32-inch) tip for sinking big 12d to 20d finish nails or driving chunky flooring nails into antique floorboards. $7, garrettwade.com
3. Two Sets In One
On this Japanese tool, the small, anvil-shaped head is actually a second nail set, meant for striking 8d nails in tight spaces. The 4/32-inch tip on the long shaft is flat, so hold it square to the nailhead and strike firmly to avoid a slip off. $6, leevalley.com
Four Nail Set Features
The rough surface of this Japanese tool still shows the hammer blows of the blacksmith who forged it. The head is narrow and slightly convex, but it will flatten and widen with repeated use. $12, japanwoodworker.com
2. Knuckle Protector
A cushioned protector guards your fingers so you can concentrate on tip placement. The disk makes it harder to see what you’re doing, but you don’t have to guess about the tip size: It’s clearly engraved in the head. $20 for a set of five (1/32 to 5/32), garrettwade.com
To use this spring-loaded, “hammerless” nail set, you hold the bottom half in a tight pincer grip and pull the top half away from the nailhead. Letting go pile-drives the tip into the nail and the nail into the wood—after about a half-dozen hits. Handy when you encounter an unexpected nailhead, say, while painting. $8, noxontools.com
4. Set and Pull
The square-cut tip sets nails; the Japanese-style nail puller on the opposite end can dig them out, although the puller’s claws will damage the surface whenever they extract an embedded nail. $9, sharkcorp.com
1/8 inch, recommended depth to set a nail.
Nail sets are sized by tip diameter to match particular nail heads. If you don’t know the size of a nail set or a nail, use a tip slightly smaller than the head of the nail you wish to sink.
- Finish nail: 4d
- Nail set tip: 1/32
- Finish nail: 6d
- Nail set tip: 232
- Finish nail: 8d
- Nail set tip: 3/32
- Finish nail: 10d
- Nail set tip: 4/32
- Finish nail: 12d
- Nail set tip: 6/32
Where to Find It
Stanley 58-930, 58-011
New Britain, CT
Garrett Wade 77G01.02, 89E01.01
New York, NY
Lee Valley Tools 44K13.01, 86K50.01
Japan Woodworker 5/32 Kugishime
Special thanks to
Chris Woolley at Stanley Works
Petra Pope at Garrett Wade and Andrew Strome at Lee Valley Tools.